The National Population Health Study of Neurological Conditions is a five-year study (2009-2014) that is expected to provide data on the scope, risk of onset and prognostic factors, health service utilization and the current and projected impact of neurological conditions over the next five, 10 and 20 years. In collaboration with Neurological Health Charities Canada (NHCC) and the Public Health Agency of Canada, this national Study is aimed at filling in gaps in knowledge about the state of neurological conditions in Canada. This multifaceted project consists of three national surveys, thirteen Pan Canadian peer-reviewed research studies and a micro-simulation project before concluding with a Synthesis Process.