Higlights of Canadian research and policy news.

This news brought to you by the Murray Alzheimer Research and Education Program and brainXchange. 

Quality of work life has not improved for aides who care for older adults with dementia


Monday, October 15, 2018

Researchers in Western Canada report that emotional exhaustion is on the rise among care aides working in nursing homes, and job satisfaction has not improved. The frequency of responsive behaviours experienced by care aides who work with residents living with dementia is also increasing.

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Quality of work life has not improved for aides who care for older adults with dementia

Monday, October 15, 2018

Researchers in Western Canada report that emotional exhaustion is on the rise among care aides working in nursing homes, and job satisfaction has not improved. The frequency of responsive behaviours experienced by care aides who work with residents living with dementia is also increasing.

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Predicting cognitive decline using artificial intelligence

Monday, October 15, 2018

Scientists at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and University of Toronto have trained an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm to accurately predict whether a person’s cognitive abilities are likely to lead to Alzheimer’s disease within five years. They designed the algorithm to learn from genetics, clinical data and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and trained it using data from more than 800 people who participated in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative.

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Altruism motivates people to participate in dementia research

Friday, October 12, 2018

Older adults who participate in dementia-prevention trials are most often motivated by altruism, according to researchers who conducted a Research Satisfaction Survey at 27 study sites in metropolitan areas in the United States. Respondents rated their overall satisfaction level as high, although they preferred interviews administered by staff rather than via automated technologies. They liked having an opportunity to volunteer and to challenge their cognitive abilities, but disliked repetitive assessments.

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Gum disease bacteria may trigger Alzheimer’s

Monday, October 8, 2018

Dental researchers have discovered that bacteria from a common gum infection causes inflammation and degeneration of brain neurons.

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Best practices for consent in dementia research and data sharing

Monday, October 8, 2018

An expert team from Europe, Australia and Canada has developed best practice recommendations around consent processes for research involving people living with dementia. The recommendations focus on providing support and protection from exploitation in the decision-making process, clarifying regulatory frameworks, advance planning, authority to consent, and capacity assessment.

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Low cognitive ability during adolescence predicts dementia in later life

Monday, October 8, 2018

The odds of developing Alzheimer’s disease or a related dementia (ADRD) as an adult are higher for individuals who, as adolescents, demonstrate lower cognitive abilities in areas such as language and reasoning.

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New brain imaging method accurately identifies Alzheimer’s disease

Monday, October 1, 2018

An international team of researchers has discovered a new method of diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease by detecting tau proteins with a PET scan.

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Providing person-centred care is related to higher job satisfaction

Monday, October 1, 2018

Person-centred care (PCC) acknowledges the individual values, personal history and personality of people living with dementia, and recognizes their right to dignity, respect, and full participation. Researchers in Norway investigated the association between PCC and organizational and staff characteristics within nursing homes.

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One quarter of hospital admissions for people with dementia may be preventable

Monday, October 1, 2018

A new study of older adult patients in eight German hospitals found that 23.1 percent of patients with severe cognitive deficits were hospitalized due to ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, suggesting that providing early, proactive ambulatory care could significantly reduce the number of hospitalizations.

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